Filling the lungs
Consciously we can control the way we fill and empty our lungs. We can decide which muscles we use when we breathe.
There are three basic groups of muscles that operate our lungs.
1 diaphragm muscles – bottom
2 ribcage muscles – middle
3 chest muscles – top
The goal is to utilize efficiently our lungs capacity and allows good oxygen absorption into the blood stream.
In the bottom part of the lungs there is high concentration of the air sacks that allow the exchange of oxygen / carbon di oxide. There is better absorption of oxygen in the bottom of the lungs compared to the upper part of the lungs.
When we use the diaphragm muscle to inflate and deflate our lungs, we are getting the air to the bottom of the lungs and this is an efficient way to breathe. Diaphragm breathing is also called Belly-Breathing, Abdomen-Breathing or Stomach-Breathing.
We can also use our ribcage muscles and chest muscles to inflate / deflate the lungs. This is called upper lungs breathing and is not an efficient way to breath.
A very efficient way of breathing is what is known as “full 3 stage Yogic breathing”, where all 3 sections of the lungs are utilized to the fullest.